Perspective Study on Vaginal, Vulvar Disorders in South Karnataka Women
Background: Due to unhygienic and illiteracy in the women, there are many genital infections, that is, bacterial, fungal herpes, and viral infections which are usually ignored by females. Due to their busy schedule of their domestic commitments moreover they belong to, middle and low socio-economic status.
Materials and Methods: A total of 125 women aged between 16 and 66 years were studied and classified into three groups: (a) 16–24, (b) 25–45, and (c) 46–66 years age group; vaginal pH was measured by pH indicator strip bimanual examination. Swab was collected from posterior vaginal fornix sent for amine test and Gram staining and culture to rule out bacterial vaginitis. Fungal swab was incubated on Sabouraud Dextrose Agar. Incubated at 37°C temperature and observed for 4 weeks. Valvular biopsy was done in valvular dystrophy or if malignancy was suspected.
Results: In 16–24 years age group, 11 (34.3%) had bacterial infection, 9 (28.1%) had fungal infection, 7 (21.8%) had allergic conditions, 3 (9.37%) had herpes, and 2 (6.25%) had malignancy. In age group of 25–45 years, 15 (35.7%) had bacterial infection, 13 (30.9%) had fungal infection, 6 (14.2%) had allergic condition, 5 (11.9%) herpes, and 3 (7.1%) had malignancy. In the age group of 46–66 years, 20 (39.2%) had bacterial infections, 14 (27.4%) had fungal infections, 6 (11.7%) had allergic condition, 4 (7.84%) had herpes, and 7 (13.7%) had malignancy.
Conclusion: Prevalence of vaginal, valvular disorders is due to unhygienic, undernutrition, malnutrition, and late approach to medical help. The disorders of different age group will be useful to obstetrician and gynecologist, endocrinologist to treat such patients efficiently.
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