Management of Hydatid Disease: A Prospective Observational Study
Background: Hydatid disease also known as Arterius (9-79 AD) and Galen (130-200 AD). It was known at that time as “water tumor of the chest” and “liver full of water.” Reddi (1664), Hartmann (1683) and Tyson (1691) first suspected cystic disease of the liver in animals. Materials and Methods: Hydatid disease is still a major health problem in the infested areas of the world. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment. Adisease with a recurrence rate of 10-12% makes it mandatory to have a high diagnostic accuracy of investigations, a full proof treatment regimen and better preventive methods aiming at control and eradication of this age-old disease. Results: Hydatid disease commonly affects liver followed by lung other less common organs are the spleen, kidney, pancreas, and muscle. Surgery is the treatment of choice. Ultrasonography and computed tomography scan having tremendous value in the diagnosis of hydatid disease. Conclusion: Liver is the most common organ involved followed by lung, spleen and kidney. Females are more affected than male. Enucleation is the treatment of choice.