Abdominal Tuberculosis: Clinical-pathological Profile and Role of Surgery in its Management

  • Dr. Mayank Badkurx RKDF Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Seema Patel AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Nisha Singh Government MedicalCollege, Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh, India
Keywords: Abdominal pain, Abdominal tuberculosis, Histopathology

Abstract

Background: Abdominal tuberculosis (TB) is an essential clinical element having a varied mode of clinical presentation. Diagnosis of abdominal TB is a troublesome and cautious way to deal with the patients, and strong examination and supportive investigations are important to make the last finding. Objectives of the study were to evaluate the clinic-pathological profile of patients with abdominal TB and the role of surgery in its management in a tertiary care center in northern India. Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted in the department of general surgery and medical college DOTS center of northern India. A total of 97 patients with abdominal TB diagnosed on the basis of clinical profile and supported investigation data were selected for this study. Radiological findings, diagnostic laparoscopy, laparotomy, and histological findings are taken into account. Results: Of the 97 patients, 56 were males and 41 females with age ranging 16–82 (mean 32.3) years. Abdominal pain was the most common presenting symptom in 84 (86.59%). The diagnosis of abdominal TB was confirmed by histopathology in 78 (80.41%). Remaining 19 (19.5%) cases were diagnosed microscopically and with supportive clinical and imaging background. All the patients were treated under DOTS. Conclusions: Early diagnosis is the key factor in avoiding systemic and local complications of intestinal TB. No clinical features, laboratory, radiological or bacteriological, and histopathological findings are gold standard in the diagnosis of abdominal TB. In emergency cases, prompt surgical exploration, anti-TB drugs, and vigilant care are met with good recovery

Author Biographies

Dr. Mayank Badkurx, RKDF Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Assistant Professor, Department of General Surgery

Seema Patel, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Scientist B

Nisha Singh, Government MedicalCollege, Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh, India

Demonstrator, Department of Community Medicine

Published
2018-07-30
Section
Articles