Unification of Software Technology with Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Almost entire human creativity today, from the standpoint of its efficiency and expediency, is conditioned with the existence of technology. Progresses in computer-based technologies including virtual reality (VR) simulators, augmented reality (AR), virtual plastic surgery software, and computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing systems have resulted in new modalities for instruction and practice of oral and maxillofacial surgery. VR dental simulators enable repeated, objective and assessable practice in various controlled situations. Superimposition of three-dimensional (3D) virtual images on actual images in AR allows surgeons to simultaneously visualize the surgical site and superimpose informative 3D images of invisible regions on it to serve as a guide. Bone segment navigation is the modern surgical approach in orthognathic and temporomandibular joint surgeries, reconstruction of orbit and midface, and image-guided implantology.The efficiency offered by new technology to conventional model surgery can return hours to a surgeon’s day through a more streamlined workup and smoother intraoperative experience with confidence in the surgical accuracy.The purpose of this paper is to give technological touch to traditional dentistry practiced today, making oral surgeons aware of tremendous advantages including accuracy, result anticipation, reduced complications, and patient satisfaction.