Study of Hemorrhoids – Clinical Features and Risk Factors

  • M M Ram Shankar Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Army College of Medical Sciences and Base Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • M B Satyaveni Al Falah College of Medical Sciences Research Centre and Hospital,Faridabad, Haryana, India
Keywords: Bleeding, Defecation, Prolapse, Protrusion

Abstract

Aim: To study the clinical features and risk factors of Hemorrhoids. Materials and Methods: One hundred and eighty-nine adult patients aged between 35 and 65 years were studied. The history of patients was as follows: 57 (30.1%) had constipation, 19 (10%) had chronic cough, 33 (17.4%) had straining, 24 (12.6%) were alcoholic, 17 (8.99%) were smokers, and 39 (20.6%) had sedentary behavior. Result: The clinical manifestations were as follows: 51 (26.9%) had bleeding through rectum, 52 (27.5%) had prolapse, 32 (16.9%) had pain during defecation, and 19 (10%) had pruritis. The hemorrhoids were classified as per their grades. 51 (26.9%) had Grade I, 31 (16.4%) had Grade II, 38 (20.1%) had Grade III, and 69 (36.5%) had Grade IV. Conclusion: This pragmatic approach toward different ages in both sexes will be useful for surgeon to treat efficiently to prevent morbidity and mortality of the patients

Author Biographies

M M Ram Shankar, Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Army College of Medical Sciences and Base Hospital, New Delhi, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Army College of Medical Sciences and Base Hospital, New Delhi, India

M B Satyaveni, Al Falah College of Medical Sciences Research Centre and Hospital,Faridabad, Haryana, India

Senior
Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,

Published
2019-05-30
Section
Articles