Significance of Expression of PSP94 Isoforms in Etiology of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Prostate Cancer
Background: Prostate Secretory Protein of 94 Amino Acids (PSP94) level is known to increase in benign prostatic hyperplasia
(BPH) and decrease in prostate cancer (PCa). However, there has not been a consensus on the abundance and significance of
the different isoforms of PSP94 during the development of BPH and PCa. Methods: Benign and malignant prostate tissue was ascertained histologically. Biplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR were employed to quantitate the two isoforms, PSP94 (MSMB1) and PSP57 (MSMB2). Results: Higher abundance of both MSMB1 and MSMB2 transcripts was observed in BPH as compared to PCa. Further, there was a strong positive correlation between the transcript levels of these isoforms, MSMB1 and MSMB2, in samples from both BPH and PCa patients Conclusions: PSP57 (MSMB2) transcript may not be involved in the development of BPH or PCa and could have a physiological role in prostate cells.