Pediatric Burn Injuries – A Single-Institution Retrospective Epidemiological Review of Etiology and Outcomes
Background and Aim: Burn injuries are considered an important preventable cause of injuries in children. Pediatric burn wounds
are challenging conditions and can cause several complications entailing a complicated treatment and recovery process. This
study investigated the causes and severity of pediatric burns.
Materials and Methods: The institutional-based retrospective descriptive study design was conducted from January 2017 to
December 2019. Data collections have been facilitated using a pre-designed checklist.
Results: A total of 60 children were enrolled. The patient’s mean age was 5.57 ± 3.9 years. Majority of the patients were male
(36 [60%]) with a male-to-female ratio of 1.5:1. The majority of children (32 [53.3%]) presented with second-degree burns. Among
the burn patients, 70% suffered from 10% to 20% of total body surface area burn. Most affected part of the body was upper
extremity in 42 (70%) patients. Overall, 39 (65%) patients suffered from scalds. The mean hospitalization period was 14.4 ± 10 days.
Conclusions: The majority of the burn injuries occurred at home with negligible pre-hospital interventions. Therefore, adequate
health education should be delivered to the society regarding appropriate pre-hospital interventions and a safe home environment.
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