Pediatric Burn Injuries – A Single-Institution Retrospective Epidemiological Review of Etiology and Outcomes

  • Melpakkam Venkatesan Srinath Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu,India
  • Jai Durairaj Paramasivam Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram,Tamil Nadu, India
  • Surya Rao Rao Venkata Mahipathy Saveetha Medical Collegeand Hospital, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Sricharen Sridhar Saveetha Medical College andHospital, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India
  • V Dev Kumar Saveetha Medical College and Hospital,Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Burn, Epidemiology, Injury, Pediatric, Scald

Abstract

Background and Aim: Burn injuries are considered an important preventable cause of injuries in children. Pediatric burn wounds
are challenging conditions and can cause several complications entailing a complicated treatment and recovery process. This
study investigated the causes and severity of pediatric burns.
Materials and Methods: The institutional-based retrospective descriptive study design was conducted from January 2017 to
December 2019. Data collections have been facilitated using a pre-designed checklist.
Results: A total of 60 children were enrolled. The patient’s mean age was 5.57 ± 3.9 years. Majority of the patients were male
(36 [60%]) with a male-to-female ratio of 1.5:1. The majority of children (32 [53.3%]) presented with second-degree burns. Among
the burn patients, 70% suffered from 10% to 20% of total body surface area burn. Most affected part of the body was upper
extremity in 42 (70%) patients. Overall, 39 (65%) patients suffered from scalds. The mean hospitalization period was 14.4 ± 10 days.
Conclusions: The majority of the burn injuries occurred at home with negligible pre-hospital interventions. Therefore, adequate
health education should be delivered to the society regarding appropriate pre-hospital interventions and a safe home environment.

Author Biographies

Melpakkam Venkatesan Srinath, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu,India

Senior Resident, Department of Paediatrics, 

Jai Durairaj Paramasivam, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram,Tamil Nadu, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatric Surgery, 

Surya Rao Rao Venkata Mahipathy, Saveetha Medical Collegeand Hospital, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Professor and Head, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Sricharen Sridhar, Saveetha Medical College andHospital, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Student, Department of Paediatrics, 

V Dev Kumar, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital,Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Resident, Department of Paediatrics, 

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Published
2021-12-21
Section
Articles